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"What is the new AI law that the EU has recently agreed upon, and how will it impact the rest of the world?"

The EU has agreed upon the world's first set of rules to regulate artificial intelligence (AI), called the AI Act.

The AI Act imposes strict requirements for AI systems classified as high-risk, such as those used in critical infrastructure, healthcare, and transportation.

High-risk AI systems will need to undergo a conformity assessment and bear the CE marking to demonstrate compliance with the regulation.

The AI Act prohibits AI systems that manipulate individuals through subliminal techniques or exploit vulnerabilities of specific groups, like children.

The AI Act includes a "sandboxing" provision, allowing AI developers to test innovative systems under regulatory supervision in a controlled environment.

The AI Act establishes a European Artificial Intelligence Board to oversee the implementation and enforcement of the regulation.

The AI Act introduces a "trust and comply" principle, requiring AI developers and deployers to ensure their systems are transparent and accountable.

The AI Act mandates clear and accessible information for users regarding the operation and intended use of AI systems.

The AI Act requires high-risk AI systems to have a human oversight mechanism to prevent and mitigate harm.

The AI Act includes a notification system for serious incidents or malfunctions related to high-risk AI systems.

The AI Act distinguishes between AI systems with different risk levels, applying lighter regulations for low and minimal-risk AI.

The AI Act provides a unified legal framework for AI development and use in the EU, which could impact global AI regulations.

The AI Act still needs official approval from the European Parliament and the EU Council before coming into force.

The AI Act's approval is expected to set a precedent for other countries to follow in creating legal frameworks for AI.

The AI Act's transparency and accountability requirements may incentivize AI developers to consider ethical implications in their designs.

The AI Act is a significant step towards ensuring AI technologies are developed and used responsibly, fostering trust and confidence in AI systems.

Compliance with the AI Act may lead to increased R&D costs for AI developers; however, this could also drive innovation and improve AI system quality.

The AI Act's sandboxing provision encourages innovation by providing a safe space for AI developers to test new concepts under regulatory supervision.

The AI Act's human oversight requirement ensures that AI systems remain accountable to human judgment and decision-making, reducing potential misuses or abuses.

The AI Act's risk-based approach ensures a balanced regulatory framework, allowing for innovation while minimizing potential harm to individuals and society.

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